«The Monkey Suit» er en episode i animasjonsserien Simpsons’ 17. sesong, originalt vist i USA for første gang den 14. mai 2006.
Skuffet over at de ikke kommer inn på den nye utstillingen over historien til våpnene, må Ned Flanders og hans to sønner nøye seg med å gå på en utstilling som beskriver menneskenes utvikling goalie in soccer. De blir sjokkert da de ser at bibelen blir beskrevet som en myte, og da Rod og Todd spør om deres mor, Maude, var en ape, sier han at «Ingen er utviklet fra apene!»
I mellomtiden, i tillegg til sine vanlige uinspirerende prekener, mister Lovejoy kirkegjengere til en annen kirke i nærheten. Han vurderer å bruke Flanders uttalelse til å vinne tilbake noen av kirkegjengerne. Etter å ha utpresset Seymour Skinner blir «kreasjonisme» introdusert på Springfield barneskole, noe som ikke bare irriterer Lisa på grunn av at det ikke er fakta, men også fremstiller «darwinisme» som et av satans påfunn. Etter hvert blir imidlertid evolusjonen fjernet helt som en følge av en ny lov. Lisa bestemmer seg for å lære bort evolusjon i en hemmelig klasse, der hun til slutt blir arrestert.
I rettssaken «Lisa Simpson mot Gud» youth football team jerseys, blir Lisa representert av en forhatt advokat fra New York. Gud blir representert av en elsket, overvektig advokat fra sørstatene. Rettssaken går ikke Lisas vei på grunn av at professor Frink sier at selv om det er en gud, har han omtrent like mye makt som «departementet for agrikultur», og en kreasjonistisk «forsker» krever bevis for at det finnes et missing link. Lisa føler seg forlatt, men Marge bestemmer seg for å lese Artenes opprinnelse av Charles Darwin, og føler at han har et poeng. I rettssaken gir hun Homer en øl, og han begynner å vise primitiv oppførsel allerede da han åpner den. Ned blir irritert og kaller ham en «dum ape av en gorilla», for deretter å innrømme at han er overvunnet. Lisa forklarer imidlertid at hun syns det er greit at han har tro, men at forskning og religion aldri burde blandes, et poeng Ned må si seg enig i.
David Garside was a project engineer at BSA’s Umberslade Hall research facility. He is notable for having developed an air-cooled twin-rotor Wankel motorcycle engine which powered the Norton Classic road bike. Although the Classic was not the first production rotary-engined bike, it was significantly lighter, smoother and more powerful than the contemporary Suzuki RE5.
Garside sport store water bottle, who had been impressed by the Fichtel & Sachs engine in the DKW Hercules bike, installed a bought-in F&S air-cooled single-rotor engine into a BSA B25 ‘Starfire’ frame as a “proof of concept”. This proved reliable and smooth, but under-powered. Garside then created a prototype twin-rotor engine (with F&S rotors) which doubled the capacity of the earlier test “mule”. This twin-rotor engine was installed in a BSA A65 frame.
Wankel engines run very hot, so Garside gave this air-cooled motor additional interior air-cooling. Air was drawn through a forward-facing filter situated to provide a ram air effect. This air was channelled initially to the rotating ‘crankshaft’, through the interior of the two rotors, then entered a large pressed-steel plenum before entering the combustion chambers via twin carburettors. The plenum (which doubled as the bike’s semi-monocoque frame) enabled the transfer of much of the heat to the surrounding atmosphere. The carburation process further reduced temperatures via the heat of evaporation.
Even so, at 50 °C the fuel-air mixture was still hotter than ideal, and the engine’s volumetric efficiency remained somewhat impaired The eccentric shaft’s main bearings and the inlet manifolds were fed by oil-injection lubrication, and the fuel-air mix also carried residual mist of oil from the interior of the rotors, which helped to lubricate the rotor tips.
The Norton Wankel engine was further developed at Staverton into the MidWest aero-engine. The MidWest engine’s output increased from BSA’s 85 bhp to nearly 110 bhp by improving volumetric efficiency. This was achieved by dumping overboard (rather than burning) the hot rotor cooling air youth football team jerseys, and by feeding pressurised fresh cool air to the combustion chambers.
In order to address the deficiencies of the air-cooled Norton Wankel engine, Garside went on to develop SPARCS (Self-Pressurising-Air Rotor Cooling System); a system that utilises self-pressurising blow-by gases as a cooling medium, absorbing higher levels of heat from the engine core and dispersing the heat by means of an external heat exchanger. This system would go on to provide superior heat rejection than standard air cooling methods.
In addition to SPARCS, Garside also filed a patent in 2011 to develop a rotary exhaust expander unit or CREEV (Compound Rotary Engine for Electric Vehicles) for use with Wankel rotary engines. The CREEV system acts as an ‘exhaust reactor’ by consuming unburned exhaust products while expansion occurs homemade toothpaste dispenser, reducing overall emissions and improving thermal efficiency.
In 2015, David Garside signed a licensing agreement with UK Midlands based engineers Advanced Innovative Engineering (UK) Ltd for exclusive use of his patents in their next generation Wankel rotary engines.
Freighthopping or train hopping is the act of surreptitiously boarding and riding a railroad freight car. In the United States, this became a common means of transportation following the American Civil War as the railroads began pushing westward, especially among migrant workers who became known as “hobos” youth football team jerseys. It continued to be widely used by those unable to afford other transportation, especially during times of widespread economic dislocation such as the Great Depression. For a variety of reasons the practice is less common today, although a community of freight-train riders still exists.
Typically, riders will go to a rail yard where the trains “crew change” (switch out crew). They will either know from other riders of a spot to hide and wait, or they will find one themselves. Depending on the size and layout of the yard, riders may have to get on the train while it is moving; doing this is known as “catching on the fly” football uniform colors. Furthermore, riders must figure out which way trains are going, either by calling the company’s internal tracking number or by knowing which tracks go where. Riders will occasionally wait at “side outs”, places where there are two parallel tracks and trains pull aside for others to pass.
Cars and trains are divided several ways with regards to riding. There are “IMs” (intermodal containers, also called “hotshots” or “double stack”[dubious]), “junk” (mixed cars) and coal. Within these three groups some cars are “rideable” and some not: boxcars, grainers[dubious ] and gondolas are some of the rideable “junk” cars. On IMs, riders usually stay in the metal beds in front of or behind the shipping containers, “48/53 wells” or under tractor trailers “pig in a bucket” (when trailer is on a metal platform with large holes cut in the bottom. On coal, riders often get into “DPUs” or “rear units”, which are the engines put on the back or middle of the train on long coal loads. Riding in the empty or full coal containers is also possible. Riding on other cars, such as the small exposed porch of a tanker for example, is called riding “suicide”.
Freight-train riding has the reputation as being very dangerous and, to some degree football player t shirts, is in fact so. According to author and journalist Ted Conover, a large percentage of modern-day hobos are ex-convicts and violence is not uncommon among the transient population. This view contrasts with the established tradition of manners and hard work among “traditional hobos”. Where train hopping is illegal, there is an inherent chance of arrest and/or ticketing. The amount of security and the attitudes of authorities vary greatly depending on the location. Increasing security has also presented a problem for train hoppers, though the establishment of legal protection for vagrants has led to a decline in the beating and maltreatment for which ‘bulls’ (railway security men) and brakemen became infamous[according to whom?].
In March 1899 Welsh “tramp-poet” W. H. Davies lost the lower part of his right leg after jumping a train at Renfrew, Ontario. The incident is recounted in his 1908 book The Autobiography of a Super-Tramp.
In the 1900 to 1920 days of wood frame freight car construction, steel truss rods were used to support the underside of the car in order to provide it with the strength to carry heavy loads. There could be four or more of these truss rods under the car floor running the length of the car, and hobos would “Ride the Rods.” Some would carry a board to place across the rods to lie on. Others would lie on just one rod and hold on tightly. Riding the rods was very dangerous. When a train moved at high speed, the cars could bounce and rock violently if the track was rough, and rock ballast might be tossed up which could strike a rider.
Hopping trains happens all over the world and varies from place to place. Some places are more critical on considering freight hopping a crime best water bottles, and other places are more lenient. Freight hopping locations and routes are to be kept confidential and are only available through particular . This source is mostly shared physically, either by mouth or just passed on by hand. Exposure of this information can be problematic for hoppers since it may increase the dangers and difficulty of their travels. The railroad police, also known as bulls, have become more observant and careful when looking for train hoppers. The severity of the punishment depends on the location in which one is found.
Riding a freight train on the rooftop of a hopper car. Moscow Ring Railway, Russia
Riding a freight train on a tank car in Leningrad Oblast, Russia
Pigeon snaring was sport played exclusively by Tongan chiefs atop artificial mounds. The appearance of these mounds began in the 12th century but its popularity waned after centuries. By the 1700s, when Europeans began visiting Tonga and recording their observations, the sport was no longer played regularly. By the early 1800s, it was not played at all.
All that is known about the extinct sport is comes from one written eye-witness account, one engraving, oral tradition and archaeology. An Englishman named William Mariner who lived in Tonga between 1806 and 1810 described:
A 1793 engraving by the French Captain D’Entrecasteaux corroborates Mariner’s story.
In Tongan, pigeon snaring mounds are called sia heu lupe. The general shape of a pigeon snaring mound was described as “more or less circular platforms, 20-35 m wide and 0.6-5 m high, with a flat top. The characteristic feature of the Tongan pigeon mound is a circular central pit, 5—7 m in diameter, which has stone-faced walls. Some pigeon mounds in addition have large stone-lined pits filled with large boulders. The function of these structures is unknown.” The central depression puzzles archaeologists because it is not described in William Mariner’s account and no one knows how it was used to snare the pigeons. There are also many mounds, especially in Ha’apai, that do not have the depression.
While sia heu lupe can be found throughout Tonga youth football team jerseys, and even in American and West Samoa, the best studied are those in the Ha’apai Island Group, where many were constructed in the 15th and 16th centuries by the Mata’uvave line of chiefs. A 1990-1992 archeological survey of northern Ha’apai by Simon Fraser University identified two on Nukunamo island, one on the northern tip of Foa Island, none on Lifuka Island, eight on U’oleva Island, one on Tatafa Island and none on ‘Uiha Island. One of these mounds, called Sialufotu on U’oleva island, is known as the personal mound the Mata’uvave and is the largest known sia heau lupe in Tonga.
The Simon Fraser study classified mounds into one of three types: mounds with central depression lacking stacked-stone retaining walls, complex mounds with stone retaining walls and access ramps, and flat-topped mounds. As pigeon mounds were created not only for the sport but to project status, the second type would exalt the highest status of the three as it required the highest investment of labor.
The Simon Fraser study also found several characteristics of pigeon mounds. “First, they were situated in areas without a large, if any, human population and this would have facilitated an expansive cover of forest growth to which pigeons would be attracted… Second, the mounds were constructed in protected areas that, while within the proximity to the shore, tended toward the center line of the island upon which they were built… this pattern conforms to the expected flight path of a migrating pigeon flock as it might be pursued by hunters.”
Constructing pigeon snaring mounds required substantial investments of labor from many people, but the sport was tabu, or forbidden, to all but the Tongan chiefs. Any pigeons captured by commoners were to be given to chiefs, and anyone caught eating a pigeon could be punished by “whipping or even death”.
The sport could be played for rather basic, small mounds, so the variety in size ornamentation of the mounds is attributed to their projection of status for the chiefs who commissioned their construction. According to one historian, “pigeon mounds, together with the royal tombs (langi), can be considered as the highest ranking sites in Tonga.” The larger one’s mound, the higher one’s status best 1 liter water bottle.
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