The Argentine legislative elections of 1918 were held on 3 March. Voters chose their legislators and numerous governors, and with a turnout of 56 how to make meat tenderizer at home.4%, it produced the following results:
(*): The UCR total excludes three Senators barred until 1922.
(**): The two PLSL Senators were barred until 1923.
President Hipólito Yrigoyen, elected in 1916 in the nation’s first, free elections, responded (like numerous other administrations before his) to opposition with less than democratic means: the placing of provincial governments under federal intervention. His first target, Marcelino Ugarte, was the Conservative Governor of Buenos Aires Province (home to over one in three Argentines, and to most of the source of the nation’s growing wealth, the Pampas); Ugarte’s removal on April 24, 1917, would be followed by six others by the time the first Yrigoyen-era mid-term elections arrived a year later.
The President’s lack of support in Congress for these moves (which, on the Ugarte issue, lost a floor vote by 36 to 53), extended to other areas, including foreign policy. Congress rejected Yrigoyen’s policy of neutrality, and approved a series of measures in support of the Allied Powers; indeed, the only significant presidential bill supported by Congress during the 1916-18 term was a modest, 5 percent export tariff enacted to finance needed rural public works. Rifts developed within the UCR, itself – notably in the important Santa Fe Province, where Governor Rodolfo Lehmann formed the Dissident UCR in protest over the President’s policy over removing governors.
Focused on the crucial Buenos Aires Province gubernatorial race, the UCR nominated one of their most prominent supporters from among the landed gentry, José Camilo Crotto. Crotto, a UCR activist from its earliest days in the 1890s, was a reformist who shared Yrigoyen’s support for public works, farm credit, and de-monopolization of the province’s vast rail network. The economy, burdened by a shortage of capital and imported goods as a result of World War I, had begun to recover strongly by late 1917. This improvement took place despite an extensive strike in the critical rail transport sector, and turned the electoral tide in Yrigoyen’s favor ahead of the March 1918 polls.
Ultimately, the UCR repeated its performance in the 1916 legislative races, winning nearly half the vote, and gaining 12 seats. The results left them 5 short of an absolute majority; but made temporary alliances feasible, and thus guaranteed the President’s legislative agenda. Buenos Aires Province, the bulwark of conservative opposition, would have its first elected UCR governor with Crotto’s defeat of Conservative candidate Alfredo Echagüe by 114,000 to 68,000 electric shavers toronto, as well as an ample majority in the provincial legislature. The UCR won in nearly every province in which elections were held in 1918, as well as in the City of Buenos Aires, where the formerly dominant Socialists (saddled by a break in party ranks) secured but 3 of the 9 seats at stake. Yrigoyen’s most glaring defeat, in turn, came from Santa Fe, where Governor Lehmann’s Dissident UCR won 4 of the 6 seats at stake.
Elections to the Senate, held in April, 1919, significantly enhanced the UCR’s presence in the body, where opposition to Yrigoyen’s populist agenda had been strongest. The party won 7 of the 10 seats at stake, including the crucial City of Buenos Aires seat (the only one not elected by provincial legislatures, until 2001), where Congressman Vicente Gallo, a veteran of the UCR’s struggle for universal (male) suffrage from the 1890s, defeated the Socialists; Gallo, a founding member of the right-wing Argentine Patriotic League, benefited from a Red Scare that developed in the city during January’s “Tragic Week” riots. Five of these new Senators thermos flask, however, including three from the UCR itself, and both San Luis Province Senators, were barred from taking their seats by President Yrigoyen’s intervention decrees. They joined the numerous Governors so removed, and portended a deep schism in the party.
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Francis Balace, né à Liège le , est un historien belge, professeur ordinaire honoraire à l’université de Liège. Il est un spécialiste de l’époque contemporaine.
Né à Liège le , Francis Balace fait ses études secondaires à l’Athénée royal de Liège. Après sa licence en histoire (1966), il est boursier Fullbright à l’université George Washington(Washington DC) entre 1966 et 1967. En 1968, il devient chercheur au Centre Interuniversitaire d’Histoire Contemporaine puis, l’année suivante, assistant à l’Université de Liège, où il soutient sa thèse de doctorat en Philosophie et Lettres (Histoire) en 1975.
Francis Balace a été titulaire, à l’Université de Liège, des cours d’histoire contemporaine, d’histoire des États-Unis, d’histoire diplomatique de la Belgique, d’histoire des pays d’outre-mer best water bottle brand, d’histoire de l’Allemagne, d’histoire de l’Angleterre et d’un séminaire de questions approfondies d’histoire du XXe siècle. Il a par ailleurs été directeur du CEGES, le Centre d’études guerre et société (à Bruxelles) et est toujours secrétaire du CEREA (Centre d’Enseignement et de Recherche en Études Américaines) de l’Université de Liège.
Auteur de quatre livres et de plus de cent-vingt articles, Francis Balace est considéré comme un spécialiste dans plusieurs domaines, parmi lesquelles les sujets monarchiques Rose Bracelet, la guerre de Sécession (sa thèse de doctorat portait d’ailleurs sur les relations entre la Belgique et les États-Unis durant cette période) et l’histoire des États-Unis. Il continue toujours à publier sur des sujets divers et a été directeur de la collection Jours de Guerre, une série d’ouvrages sur la Seconde Guerre mondiale, qui ont connu également une version télévisée electric shavers toronto.
Il anime, par ailleurs, des conférences auprès des écoles secondaires concernant l’univers concentrationnaire.
Ses interventions sont nombreuses à la radio et à la télévision belges où il est généralement consulté à propos de la monarchie.
Francis Balace est l’époux, en troisièmes noces, de l’historienne Catherine Lanneau, spécialiste belge de la France contemporaine, chargée de cours dans le département d’histoire européenne de l’ULg.
State Route 535 (SR 535) is an east–west state highway in the northeastern portion of the U jumper shaver.S. state of Ohio. The western terminus of State Route 535 is at a signalized intersection with State Route 283 in the northwestern portion of Painesville, and just north of State Route 283’s interchange with State Route 2. The route’s eastern terminus is at a signalized T-intersection with U.S best ball shaver. Route 20 about 1.25 miles (2.01 km) northeast of Painesville.
Created in the late 1930s, the route begins on a portion of Richmond Street which becomes High Street in Fairport Harbor; the route then follows East Street toward the north. It then turns east onto Fairport Nursery Road, following that road all the way to its terminus at U bottle of water.S. Route 20, which is just east of State Route 535’s interchange with State Route 2.
The entirety of State Route 535 exists in the Painesville vicinity in central Lake County. The highway is not included as a part of the National Highway System a network of highways deemed most vital to the nation’s economy, mobility and defense.
SR 535 was designated in 1937. The highway maintains the same routing in the Painesville vicinity today that it had when it was first designated electric shavers toronto, and has not experienced any major changes.
The entire route is in Lake County.
Route map: /
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