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Tadashi Takayanagi

Home | Tadashi Takayanagi

Tadashi Takayanagi (en japonais 高柳 匡 Takayanagi Tadashi), né le à Tokyo, est un physicien théorique japonais. Il est professeur à l’Institut Yukawa de Physique Théorique à l’université de Kyoto.

Takayanagi a étudié la physique à l’université de Tokyo, où il a obtenu son baccalauréat en 1998 et sa maîtrise en 2000, et a obtenu son doctorat de Tōru Eguchi en 2002 (théorie Superstring en fond Melvin). Il a été chercheur postdoctoral à l’université Harvard (Jefferson Physical Laboratory) jusqu’en 2005 et à l’Institut Kavli de physique théorique de Santa Barbara en 2005/06. En 2006, il est devenu professeur adjoint, professeur agrégé en 2008 et professeur 2012 à Kyoto. Il est également chercheur à l’Institut Kavli pour la Physique et les Mathématiques de l’Univers (Kavli IMPU) à Kashiwanoha.

Il s’intéresse à la théorie des cordes et est connu pour un travail avec Shinsei Ryū (de) à partir de 2006, dans lequel ils calculent l’entropie de l’intrication quantique dans les théories de champ conformal sur Bekenstein-Hawking entropie des trous noirs dans le contexte de principe holographique de Juan Martín Maldacena, dans laquelle les théories de champ conformal sur une surface forment une théorie gravitationnelle dans un volume fermé.

En 2015, il a reçu le Prix Nouveaux Horizons en Physique avec Shinsei Ryū, Horacio Casini et Marina Huerta&nbsp

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;(de). En 2011, il a reçu le prix Yukawa-Kimura de la Fondation Yukawa Memorial et en 2013, il a reçu le prix Nishinomiya-Yukawa (de) avec Ryū. En 2016 how does papain tenderize meat, il a reçu le prix Nishina.

Nederlandse Volksmilitie

Home | Nederlandse Volksmilitie

De Nederlandse Volksmilitie (NVM) was een communistische verzetsorganisatie die tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog vooral actief was in Rotterdam en die zich toelegde op sabotage. De NVM was actief vanaf augustus 1942 en werd in oktober 1942 door de Duitsers opgerold.

Op 7 augustus 1942 vond in Rotterdam een mislukte aanslag plaats op een trein met Duitse militairen. In de bocht van het Luchtspoor tussen de stations Delftsche Poort en Beurs was een explosieve lading aangebracht met de kennelijke bedoeling de trein te laten ontsporen en in de diepte te laten storten. Kort voordat de trein zou passeren fietste echter een baanopzichter langs de rails. Hij raakte een draad waardoor een klein deel van de lading ontplofte en de opzichter zwaargewond raakte. De Duitsers namen de mislukte aanslag hoog op en dreigden met het doodschieten van gijzelaars als de daders niet binnen een week zouden worden opgespoord of zichzelf zouden hebben aangegeven. Zij zetten bovendien zelf een van hun beste mensen – de beruchte agent-provocateur Anton van der Waals – op de zaak. Die leek al snel beet te hebben, maar raakte het spoor toch weer bijster. De daders werden niet gepakt en vijf gijzelaars, Robert Baelde, Christoffel Bennekers, Otto Ernst Gelder graaf van Limburg-Stirum, Willem Ruijs en Alexander baron Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, werden op 15 augustus gefusilleerd op het landgoed Gorp en Roovert.

Op 13 oktober 1942 werd in Den Haag een opslagplaats van de Wehrmacht in brand gestoken. De daders van die actie hadden weten te ontkomen, maar één van hen was door de waakhond gebeten en had zijn fiets moeten achterlaten. Aan de hand van het framenummer wist men bij een fietsenwinkel de naam van de koper van die fiets – Sally Dormits – te achterhalen. De politie wist niet dat Dormits de fiets inmiddels doorverkocht had en dacht daarom dat Dormits een van de brandstichters was. Ze gingen naar zijn woning in Den Haag, maar die had Dormits na een echtscheiding verlaten best steak marinade tenderizer. Er werd daarom via de radio een landelijk opsporingsbericht voor Dormits verspreid.

Op 17 oktober 1942 pakte de politie in Rotterdam een tasjesdief op die, wat de politie uiteraard niet wist, een persoonsbewijs voor zijn Joodse vriendin wilde bemachtigen. Op het bureau schoot de arrestant, die een pistool op zak bleek te hebben, zich een kogel door het hoofd. Onder de papieren die de recherche op hem aantrof waren onder andere een kassabon van een winkel in Rotterdam en een textielkaart op naam van Dormits. Toen de melding bij het hoofdbureau binnenkwam was juist een opsporingsteam van de Haagse politie bij de Rotterdamse politie op bezoek, omdat ze een verbinding van Dormits met Rotterdam hadden ontdekt. Een gecombineerd team van de Haagse en Rotterdamse politie begon meteen met het onderzoek.

De gevonden kassabon leidde de recherche naar een adres in Rotterdam (Bijlwerffstraat 37) waar de betrokken winkelier een bestelling voor Dormits had afgeleverd. Dormits woonde hier onder de schuilnaam Van Gelderen. Er werd naast brandbommen, chemicaliën en stapels van de communistische verzetskrant De Waarheid, ook een uitgebreide administratie gevonden waaruit viel op te maken dat het hier ging om een omvangrijke verzetsorganisatie. De Joodse vriendin van de arrestant, de kapster Saartje van Gigch, die nu ook gevaar liep, ontkwam aan arrestatie in de kapsalon doordat zij koelbloedig een politie-inspecteur wist te misleiden.

De vondst in de Rotterdamse woning van Dormits leidde tot de conclusie dat men hier te maken had met de Nederlandse Volksmilitie (NVM), een verzetsorganisatie die in Rotterdam en soms ook elders in het land actief was. De NVM hield zich voornamelijk bezig met sabotage en zat onder andere achter de mislukte spoorwegaanslag van 7 augustus in Rotterdam. Dit leidde tot groot alarm bij de politie. Onmiddellijk werd de Sicherheitsdienst (SD) ingeschakeld.

Dormits, de leider van de NVM, ontleende zijn gezag vooral aan de militaire ervaring die hij had opgedaan in een Braziliaanse guerrillabeweging en in de Spaanse Burgeroorlog. Met de risico’s die het verzetswerk met zich meebracht ging hij echter lichtvaardig om. Door instructies van Duitse communisten was hij op de hoogte van die risico’s, en ook wist hij van de grote aantallen arrestaties onder de communisten in Den Haag en de vele doden die al in 1942 onder de Haagse communisten in de concentratiekampen waren gevallen. Maar desondanks had hij een uitgebreide zij het gecodeerde administratie met ruim 100 namen bijgehouden. De politie kon de code ter plekke ontcijferen en kon de namen en adressen van de leden van de organisatie lezen.

De vondst van de ledenadministratie van de NVM in de Rotterdamse woning van Dormits leidde tot een golf van arrestaties in de nacht volgende op zijn zelfmoord. Ruim honderd personen werden meteen opgepakt, waarvan sommigen door de Duitsers beestachtig werden mishandeld. Ze moesten vele uren lang doodstil met het hoofd naar de muur staan, praten of het hoofd wenden resulteerde in een klap, zodat het hoofd tot bloedens toe tegen de muur sloeg. Ze mochten niet naar de wc; vrouwen die daardoor hun urine moesten laten lopen werden met hun kleren over de grond gesleurd en zo als dweil gebruikt. De Rotterdamse en Haagse politie waren getuige van de mishandelingen, maar dat weerhield hen niet om de speurtocht fanatiek voort te zetten. Op de dag voor de nacht van de arrestaties waren er overigens bij een andere actie al twee leden van de NVM gearresteerd. Later volgden nog meer arrestaties. In totaal werden 221 mensen gearresteerd. Er zaten een 12-, een 15-, en vier 17-jarigen bij.

Bij de Rotterdamse arrestanten zou een jonge vrouw Maria Korthagen aanwezig zijn geweest, die bij verhoren zou hebben verklaard dat ze eerder bij het bedrijf Hollandia-Kattenburg had gewerkt en daar De Waarheid had gelezen. Ze moest de andere lezers van De Waarheid aanwijzen, het bleken er velen te zijn. De Waarheid-lezers werden gearresteerd. Enkelen werden verdacht bij de NVM betrokken te zijn geweest, waaronder Japie Smeer en Bernard Luza. Zij moesten de actieve communisten aanwijzen. Bij het bedrijf werkten veel Joden. Vanwege hun werkzaamheden voor de Wehrmacht waren zij vrijgesteld van deportatie, de zogenaamde sper-joden. De Duitsers besloten de Joodse werknemers van het bedrijf onmiddellijk te arresteren en samen met hun familieleden naar Westerbork te sturen, 370 werknemers en 470 familieleden. Twee van hen werden in het proces tegen de NVM-leden ter dood veroordeeld en gefusilleerd; of ze echt iets met de NVM te maken hadden zal altijd onduidelijk blijven. De overige personen werden afgevoerd naar Kamp Westerbork en van daaruit doorgestuurd naar kampen in Duitsland. Slechts enkelen zouden de oorlog overleven.

Na de oorlog bleek tijdens het verradersproces tegen Maria Korthagen in september 1948 een andere reconstructie, namelijk dat zij in werkelijkheid een SD-agente was, die ook bij de verhoren (inclusief martelingen) van NVM-ers zoals Elias Dingsdag actief betrokken was. De vermeende link tussen de NVM en Hollandia Kattenberg is verzonnen door de Sicherheitsdienst uit interne onvrede over de vrijstellingen voor de zogenaamde sper-joden bottled water, waardoor het aantal afgevoerde joden achterbleef bij de verwachtingen van Rauter.

Twee weken na de arrestatie van Dormits ging er een politie-opsporingsbericht voor verscheidene ondergedoken leden van de NVM uit. In dat bericht werd de groep omschreven als een door joden geleide zuiver communistische organisatie. Door dit bericht heeft de groep voor historici een Joods stempel gekregen. De groep bevatte echter 20-25% Joden, terwijl onder de omgekomenen de Joden ongeveer 50% uitmaken.

Een deel van de arrestanten uit de eerste golf werd weer vrijgelaten; de gepakte Joden werden afgevoerd naar de vernietigingskampen Auschwitz, Sobibór of Majdanek; anderen belandden in concentratiekampen. Veertien personen kregen een langdurige vrijheidsstraf opgelegd en eenentwintig kregen de doodstraf en werden gefusilleerd. Zes anderen werden in eerste instantie ook ter dood veroordeeld, maar kregen gratie. Hun straf werd omgezet in 15 jaar tuchthuis. In de tuchthuizen waren hun overlevingskansen groter dan in de concentratiekampen, waar de ‘lichtere’ gevallen naartoe waren gestuurd. De ironie wil dus dat de ter dood veroordeelden die gratie hadden gekregen, beter af waren dan degenen waartegen de Duitsers meenden onvoldoende bewijs te hebben om tot een veroordeling te komen. Als gevolg van de arrestaties in verband met de NVM zijn 91 personen om het leven gekomen, inclusief twee personen die na terugkeer in Nederland ten gevolge van de doorstane ontberingen alsnog overleden, maar exclusief de slachtoffers onder de gedeporteerde Joodse werknemers van Hollandia-Kattenburg.

Henk Speksnijder, een van de leiders van de NVM, werd op 19 januari 1943 gearresteerd. Hierbij werd hij naar de grond gedrukt waarna een Duitse SD’er hem met zijn laars een gebroken kaak trapte. Een Rotterdamse politieman overmeesterde hem definitief. Op het bureau van de SD probeerde Speksnijder hoewel hij geboeid was uit het raam te springen, maar hij bleef met zijn voet achter de sponning haken, zodat hij weer omhoog getrokken kon worden. Vermoedelijk had Speksnijder deze wijze van zelfmoord doorgesproken met Gerrit Kastein, met wie hij nauw samenwerkte. Speksnijder had een aantekening van een ontmoeting op zak. De volgende dag werd hij in Den Haag op de plaats van de afspraak bij station Hollands Spoor neergezet, met een bezemsteel in zijn broekspijpen, zodat hij niet kon vluchten. Zijn neef Caspar Speksnijder liep daardoor in de val. In de kelders van het Binnenhof werd Caspar met een zweep op zijn rug afgeranseld, zodat de rug een bloederige massa was en zijn onderbroek door het vlees gemengd was. Later constateerde Van der Wilt dat zijn anus misvormd was, wat aan de martelingen van Herman Holstege door Ernst Knor doet denken.

In onderstaande lijst staan de omgekomenen ten gevolge van de arrestaties van de NVM. De lijst is inclusief meegearresteerde gezinsleden en de arrestanten bij Hollandia-Kattenburg die in het NVM-proces werden betrokken.

Joaquín Tuculet

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1. A partire dalla stagione 1995-96 le statistiche di club si riferiscono ai soli campionati maggiori professionistici di Lega

Joaquín Tuculet (La Plata what does a meat tenderizer do, 8 agosto 1989) è un rugbista a 15 argentino, utility back dell’Argentina dal 2012 e dei Jaguares in Super rugby water bottle sale.

Cresciuto nel Club Los Tilos della Plata, sua città di origine, Tuculet esordì con tale squadra nel campionato di prima divisione dell’Unión de Rugby de Buenos Aires; nel 2011 fu tra i primi selezionati del Pampas XV, franchise federale argentina che disputava la Vodacom Cup in Sudafrica; al primo anno in tale squadra vinse il torneo e si mise in luce per il rugby europeo, venendo contattato dagli inglesi del Sale Sharks che gli offrirono un anno di contratto con la possibilità di rescinderlo dopo 6 mesi per tornare in Argentina qualora la Federazione richiedesse il suo utilizzo a scopo internazionale.

Al termine del suo contratto con i Sale Sharks si trasferì in Francia al Grenoble neopromosso in Top14; tornato in Argentina dopo sei mesi, rientrò in Francia come rimpiazzo di giocatore infortunato (joker médical ) di Bruce Reihana, estremo neozelandese del Bordeaux Bègles. Terminato anche tale impegno, tornò in Argentina per rimanere a disposizione della Federazione e avere la possibilità di giocare il Championship 2014 dopo avere rifiutato le offerte di altri club europei che subordinavano l’ingaggio alla rinuncia a detto torneo, che si tiene tra agosto e ottobre, quando i campionati nazionali dell’Emisfero Nord sono già in corso.

Dopo avere rappresentato l’Argentina ai campionati mondiali giovanili e in Nations Cup con la selezione A, Tuculet esordì nel giugno 2012 in Nazionale maggiore a San Juan contro l’Italia e, dopo essere stato saltuariamente impiegato per via della sua militanza europea, è stato schierato come titolare nel Championship 2014.

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1986 New Zealand rugby league tour of Australia and Papua New Guinea

Home | 1986 New Zealand rugby league tour of Australia and Papua New Guinea

The 1986 New Zealand rugby league tour of Australia and Papua New Guinea was a tour by the New Zealand national rugby league team. Test matches were played in New Zealand, Australia and Papua New Guinea. The tour began on 6 July in Auckland and finished on 17 August in Port Moresby, consisted of five test matches, with two of them counting towards the 1985-88 World Cup.

After having lost 18-0 to the Kiwis at Carlaw Park in the 3rd test of the 1985 series, Australia won the 1986 series 3-0. New Zealand then continued their tour to Papua New Guinea. In Papua New Guinea they won the first test against Papua New Guinea 36-26. They then lost the second test match 22-24, a match which counted towards the 1988 World Cup.

Australia was coached for the first time by 1956–57 Kangaroo Tourist Don Furner. Wally Lewis was the captain of the team with Wayne Pearce the team vice captain.

The players used by Australia in the series was: Wally Lewis (Wynnum Manly) (c), Wayne Pearce (Balmain) (vc), Noel Cleal (Manly Warringah), Steve Folkes (Canterbury-Bankstown), Garry Jack (Balmain), Brett Kenny (Parramatta), Les Kiss (North Sydney), Terry Lamb (Canterbury-Bankstown), Gene Miles (Wynnum Manly), Bryan Niebling (Redcliffe), Michael O’Connor (St George), Steve Roach (Balmain), Dale Shearer (Manly-Warringah), Royce Simmons (Penrith), Peter Sterling (Pattamatta), Peter Tunks (Canterbury-Bankstown).

Of the players used by Australia, only Wayne Pearce (injury) and Peter Tunks (personal reasons) did not go on the end of season 1986 Kangaroo Tour of Great Britain and France.

The New Zealand test team was coached by Graham Lowe and captained by Mark Graham.

The Kiwis squad was: Mark Graham (North Sydney) (c), Dean Bell (Eastern Suburbs) wrist pouch for runners, Shane Cooper (Mt Albert), Mark Elia (Te Atatu), Olsen Filipaina (North Sydney), Gary Freeman (Northcote), Barry Harvey (Western Suburbs (Taranaki)), Gary Kemble (Hull), A’au Leulaui (Hull), Hugh McGahan (Eastern Suburbs), Dane O’Hara (Hull), Ron O’Regan (Mt Albert), Gary Prohm (Hull Kingston Rovers), Joe Ropati (Warrington), Kurt Sorensen (Widnes), Brent Todd (Linwood) pink plastic water bottle, Wayne Wallace (Hornby), Darrell Williams (Mt Albert), Owen Wright (Manukau).

Peter Brown, Tea Ropati, Marty Crequer, Dean Lonergan, Adrian Shelford, Sam Stewart, James Goulding, Glenn Donaldson and Gary Mercer also played for the Kiwis against Papua New Guinea.

The tour began with Australia coming to Auckland to play the first of three test matches between the trans-Tasman rivals.

This would be the 18th and final test played between New Zealand and Australia at the Carlaw Park ground in Auckland. Due to sponsorship, the test series was known as the “Winfield Test Series”.

With the selection of goal kicking St George and NSW outside back Michael O’Connor, the former Wallaby became Australia’s 39th dual-code rugby international. Dale Shearer, Steve Folkes and utility reserve Terry Lamb also played in their debut tests for Australia.

In the tour games the Kiwis defeated Newcastle 22-17, Riverina 14-16, Wide Bay 32-7 and North Queensland 46-6.

After having been Sydney’s main test match venue since 1914, this would be the 69th and final test played at the Sydney Cricket Ground until 2008. Gary Freeman, who would go on to play a total of 46 tests for New Zealand until 1995, made his test debut in this game while for Australia, North Sydney and Queensland winger Les Kiss made his test debut replacing an injured Dale Shearer.

Australian vice-captain Wayne Pearce tore the Anterior cruciate ligament in his left knee during the first half. Despite surgery and an intense rehabilitation, he was eventually ruled out of the 1986 Kangaroo Tour after failing a team medical.

Australia continued its international dominance and scored a clean sweep against the Kiwis with a 32-12, 6 tries to 2 win in front of almost 23,000 at Lang Park. The match was broadcast into NSW and Qld by the Nine Network and via relay into New Zealand. This game also counted towards the 1985-1988 Rugby League World Cup.

In Papua New Guinea they defeated Island Zone 26-6 and lost to Southern Zone 20-26 before the two test matches.

This match counted towards the 1988 Rugby League World Cup.

Papua New Guinea scored their first ever test match victory against New Zealand and their first test win since defeating France 37-6 in 1977. The Kumuls would not win another test until 1990 how to tenderize meat with a mallet.

Following the loss to Papua New Guinea, Graham Lowe resigned in August to take up the position of head coach with English club side Wigan. Tony Gordon was appointed as his replacement in September.

Dun Furner and Wally Lewis would lead the Australian team on the undefeated 1986 Kangaroo Tour of Great Britain and France at the end of the NSWRL and BRL seasons.

Rogers Township, Michigan

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Rogers Township is a civil township of Presque Isle County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 949 at the 2000 census lemon lime squeezer. Rogers City is within the township, but is administratively autonomous.

Manitou Beach is a small unincorporated community within the township.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 33.7 square miles (87 km2), of which 33.6 square miles (87 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.18%) is water.

As of the census of 2000, there were 949 people, 391 households, and 294 families residing in the township. The population density was 28.3 per square mile (10.9/km²). There were 597 housing units at an average density of 17.8 per square mile (6.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.68% White, 0.63% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.11% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.53% of the population.

There were 391 households out of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.4% were married couples living together, 2.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the township the population was spread out with 19.3% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 19.6% from 25 to 44 belt bag with water bottle, 35.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 99 meat tenderizer homemade.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.5 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $39,205, and the median income for a family was $42,734. Males had a median income of $33,250 versus $21,719 for females. The per capita income for the township was $18,157. About 5.4% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

Gustav Lange

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Gustav Lange (13 August 1830 – 20 July 1889) was a German composer known mainly for his melodious salon music for the piano.

Lange was born in Schwerstedt, near Erfurt, Prussian Saxony, in 1830 running belts with water bottles. He received initial musical training from his father on the piano and organ volleyball team uniforms, followed by conservatory studies in piano, organ, thorough bass, and composition – probably at the Royal Institute for Church Music in Berlin waistband running. His teachers included August Wilhelm Bach, Eduard Grell, and Albert Löschhorn.

He lived for many years in Berlin and died at Wernigerode in 1889 cute reusable water bottles.

Encouraged by the success of some 1860s compositions, Lange produced a large number of works, most of which were light and popular piano pieces of which he wrote around 500. Edelweiss op. 31 and Blumenlied op. 39 (alternatively known as Flower Song in English) are perhaps two of his best-known works today.

A contemporary English source says: “Many of these pieces are very pleasing and pretty in character, but they are not marked by any very striking features”.

Бенфотиамин

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p-фаза – 16 ч

Бенфотиамин (новолат. Benfotiamine) (S-бензоилтиамин-О-монофосфат) — жирорастворимый аналог витамина В1 (тиамина).

Бенфотиамин — вещество без цвета и запаха. Жирорастворимый; плохо растворим в воде, этиловом спирте, хлороформе, метаноле и диоксане, но лучше растворяется в растворе соляной кислоты и ледяной уксусной кислоте. Изоэлектрическая точка находится в области pH 4,06. Бенфотиамин стабилен в кислой среде и в водном растворе. Он не гигроскопичен и невосприимчив к действию тиаминазы l и II. Для бенфотиамина нехарактерно большинство несовместимостей, свойственных тиамину. Лишь в комбинации с аминофиллином, витамином C, витамином В2, при высоких температурах, а также при высокой влажности воздуха цвет субстанции подвергался изменениям.

Синтетическое соединение, близкое по строению и действию к тиамину и кокарбоксилазе; оказывает B1-витаминное и метаболическое действие. Нормализует углеводный обмен, способствует нормализации функции нервной системы, восполняет дефицит витамина B1. Витамин B1 участвует в обмене веществ, нервно-рефлекторной регуляции, оказывает влияние на проведение нервного возбуждения в холинергических синапсах. Активной формой витамина B1 является его производное — кокарбоксилаза, выполняющая важную функцию в углеводном и энергетическом обмене нервной и мышечной тканей.

После приема внутрь бенфотиамин в неизмененном виде достигает верхних отделов тонкой кишки dog running belt, где происходит его дозопропорциональное всасывание. При этом отщепляется монофосфатная группа под действием фосфатазы слизистой оболочки кишечника, и липофильные свойства молекулы (благодаря бензольному кольцу) начинают превалировать. Образующийся таким образом S-бензоилтиамин (S-БТ) может беспрепятственно пассивно диффундировать через клетки слизистой оболочки и попадать неизмененным в кровь.

Бенфотиамин — это пролекарство со свойствами, подобными тиамину, которое после всасывания внутри клеток превращается в биологически активную коферментную форму тиаминдифосфат (ТДФ). Общее содержание тиамина в организме человека составляет приблизительно 30 мг. Наибольшие количества тиамина отмечаются, в первую очередь, в головном мозге, печени, сердце, почках и скелетной мускулатуре. Тиамин в организме человека содержится преимущественно в виде своих фосфорных эфиров. Преобладающую их часть составляет ТДФ, меньшую часть — ТМФ (тиаминмонофосфат) и ТТФ (тиаминтрифосфат). В спинномозговой жидкости содержатся только свободный тиамин и ТМФ. Это свидетельствует о том, что наряду со свободным тиамином через клеточные мембраны может проникать и ТМФ.

В цельной крови около 80% тиамина находится в эритроцитах (главным образом в форме ТДФ), свободный тиамин в плазме связывается преимущественно с альбумином. Уровень содержания тиамина в цельной крови колеблется в интервале от 5 до 12 мкг/100 мл how to make your beef tender.

В одном из экспериментальных исследований после внутрибрюшинного введения меченого бенфотиамина или тиамина гидрохлорида методом ауторадиографии определялось его распределение в различные органы и системы лабораторных мышей (печень, кровь, головной мозг, мышцы, почки). После применения бенфотиамина во всех органах выявлялся существенно более высокий, чем после введения тиамина гидрохлорида, уровень радиоактивности. Эти различия в наибольшей степени касались мышц и головного мозга. После применения тиамина гидрохлорида в мышечной ткани и головном мозге отмечалось лишь около 0,2% уровня в печени, в то время как после приема бенфотиамина — около 20% этого уровня. Данные результаты указывают на то, что применение бенфотиамина позволяет достигать значительно более высокого уровня активного вещества в тканях, чем применение водорастворимого тиамина.

Выведение тиамина из организма осуществляется приблизительно на 50% в неизмененном виде или в виде сульфатного эфира; остальную часть составляют, наряду с пока ещё не идентифицированными метаболитами, главным образом тиаминовая кислота, метилтиазолуксусная кислота и пирамин usa soccer guy t shirts. В процессе ферментативного преобразования бенфотиамина в тиамин дополнительно образуются бензойная и гиппуровая кислоты, которые выделяются с мочой. Выведение происходит в 2 фазы: начальная быстрая (а-фаза) и вторая, более медленная фаза (p-фаза). Период полувыведения бенфотиамина в а-фазе — 5 часов, в p-фазе — 16 часов.

Гипо- и авитаминоз B1 (“бери-бери”), атеросклероз, ИБС, миокардиодистрофия, нарушение коронарного кровообращения, ревмокардит, ХСН, вирусный гепатит, отравления, нарушения деятельности нервной системы, полиневропатия, неврит, радикулит, невралгия, периферический парез, параличи; атония кишечника, тиреотоксикоз, эндартериит, зуд различной этиологии, пиодермия, лишай, псориаз, экземы, хронический гастрит, интоксикации.

Повышенная чувствительность к бенфотиамину.

Аллергические реакции чаще развиваются у женщин в менопаузном и постменопаузном периодах, а также у лиц, страдающих хроническим алкоголизмом.

Бенфотиамин обладает чрезвычайно низкой токсичностью, даже меньшей, чем у водорастворимого тиамина гидрохлорида.

Внутрь, после еды, 1—4 раза в день. Взрослым — по 25—50 мг 1—4 раза в сутки после еды (100—200 мг/сут). Курс лечения — 15—30 дней. Детям от 1 года до 10 лет — 10—30 мг/сут в течение 10-20 дней; детям старше 10 лет — 30—35 мг/сут в течение 15—30 дней; лицам пожилого и старческого возраста — по 25 мг 1—2 раза в сутки.

Суточная потребность в витамине B1 для взрослых мужчин — 1.2—2.1 мг; для лиц пожилого возраста — 1.2—1.4 мг; для женщин — 1.1—1.5 мг; для детей — 0.3—1.5 мг.

Аллергические реакции: ангионевротический отек, крапивница, кожный зуд.

Безрецептурный препарат (об этом есть даже надпись на картонной упаковке).

Joseph von Radowitz

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Joseph Maria Ernst Christian Wilhelm von Radowitz (født 6. februar 1797 i Blankenburg, død 25. desember 1853 i Berlin) var en prøyssisk general, diplomat og politiker. Han var Tysklands utenriksminister fra 1879 til 1880 bottle belts for runners.

Radowitz ble utdannet i Frankrike big reusable water bottles, og gikk inn i Napoleons hær non leaking water bottles. Som ung løytnant var han artillerist i den westfalske hær, og ble såret i folkeslaget ved Leipzig. Han gikk senere i tjeneste for Hannover, før han gikk inn i den prøyssike hæren i 1823. Radowitz gjorde lynkarriere i den prøyssiske hæren, og ble sjef for artilleriets generalstab i 1830.

Radowitz ble etterhvert en personlig venn av kronprinsen, den senere Fredrik Vilhelm IV. I 1847–48 var han i Wien på oppdrag for kongen for å diskutere gjenoppbyggingen av Det tyske forbund med den østerrikske keiseren. I Frankfurtparlamentet var Radowitz leder for den konservative «Café Milani»-fraksjonen, der han arbeidet for den lilletyske løsning.

Fra 1850 hadde Radowitz hovedansvaret for den prøyssiske utenrikspolitikken, og ble utenriksminister den 27. september 1851. Han gikk imidlertid av fem uker senere etter uenigheter med kongen best soccer t shirts. Radowitz ble senere prøyssisk spesialutsending («Sonderbotschafter») i London, og var deretter generalinspektør for den prøyssiske hærutdannelsen.

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Arie Aroch

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Arie Aroch (in Hebrew אריה ארוך; born 1908, in Russia – October 15, 1974, in Israel) was an Israeli painter and diplomat born in Kharkov, which was part of the Russian Empire (today part of Ukraine). Aroch’s work was a mixture of Pop Art and abstract art, along with elements from his biography. In addition, many scholars of the history of Israeli art have pointed out Aroch’s pioneering use of Jewish themes in his works. His painting style included unstructured scribbling and drawing, and it influenced a broad range of artists, including Raffi Lavie, Aviva Uri, etc. Sarah Breitberg Semel, in her article, Agrippa versus Nimrod (1988), suggested Aroch as a model for the new Israeli concept of design in art, and suggested his painting, Agrippas Street was the representative of Jewish identity. In 1971, Aroch was awarded the Israel Prize in Painting for his work.

Arie Aroch was born in November 1908 in Kharkov, which was then part of the Russian Empire and today is part of the Ukraine. His name was Lyova Nisselvich, the youngest of the three children of Rivka-Shulamit and Haim Nisselvich. At the time of his birth, Kharkov was outside the Jewish Pale of Settlement of the Russian Empire.

His father was a wealthy merchant active in Zionist political circles in Tzarist Russia. Among other things, his father was one of the founders of the “Tarbut” Gymnasium in Russia. At home he received a secular education that included music lessons and exposure to literature and poetry. During his childhood, he drew all the time. In an interview years later he said that by age 6 he was making charcoal drawings of whoever was in the house. In addition Nisselvich was exposed to art exhibitions in Kharkov. Among the exhibitions that he is known to have seen is an exhibition of Emmanuel Mane-Katz.

In 1924, Nisselvich made aliyah to Palestine with his parents and his sister, while his older brother remained in the Soviet Union. During 1925 and 1926 he studied art at “Bezalel.” Among his classmates were Avigdor Stematsky, Moshe Castel, Sionah Tagger, Yehezkel Streichman, etc. His teachers included the painter Shmuel Ben David, the enamel artist Aaron Shaul Schur, and Jacob Eisenberg, in whose workshops he made ornamental ceramic tiles, for signs, among other things. In addition, a friendship developed between him and the artist Chaim Gliksberg, who taught him the art of painting with oil paints.

In 1926 he studied in the science track at Gymnasia Herzlia in Tel Aviv. There the nickname “Aroch” (long) was born and stuck to him because of his height. This nickname was eventually adopted by Nisselvich as his family name. In 1929-1930, Aroch spent a year and a half at the Technion studying architecture. In 1932 he studied for a short time in the painting studio that Joseph Zaritsky had opened. In addition, he was accepted into the Israeli Painters and Sculptors Association, in the framework of which he exhibited in the association’s general exhibition.

On the death of his father in 1932, Aroch erected a tombstone in the Trumpeldor Cemetery and engraved on it a poem by David Shimoni, his teacher at Gymnasia Herzlia. In 1934, his mother died also.

In 1934 Aroch went to Paris and studied there in the Académie Colarossi. Among other things Aroch participated in a number of lessons given by the cubist painter Fernand Léger. In the painting “Interior with Chair” (1935), which Aroch painted during his stay in Paris, the interior of a blue room is depicted in quick strokes of the paintbrush, with a red chair in the center of the room upon which various items of clothing are spread. The style of this painting, which is typical of Aroch during this period, typifies the subdued expressionism that Aroch adopted under the influence of artists of the “Paris School,” such as Chaim Soutine, Marc Chagall, and Mané-Katz. In the 1930s painting “Portrait”, Aroch also uses expressionistic brush strokes to create this melancholy portrait. Unlike those of other painters, Aroch’s paintings don’t exceed the boundaries of artistic representation, and his expressive brushstrokes don’t turn into a description with abstract underpinnings.

Upon his return to Palestine in 1936, Aroch earned his living as a land surveyor. He married Ellen Albeck (Elroy), whom he met on the boat on the way back from Paris. This marriage lasted only a short time. With regard to his art, Aroch continued to paint under the influence of the Paris School. He participated in a group exhibition in the Tel Aviv Museum of Art, and he designed the set for “The White Circle” (1936), a Japanese legend directed by Friedrich Lobe at the “Ohel” Theatre, and for the play, “HaShomrin,” by Ever-Hadani at Habima Theatre.

Aroch spent the years 1938-1939 in Amsterdam. The influence of Vincent Van Gogh can be seen in “Vase of Flowers and Still Life” (1938), in which the energetic brushstrokes and the theme typical of Van Gogh stand out. In his work “Through a Window” (1938), for example, Aroch depicts a Dutch urban landscape viewed through a window. In this work, and in others from this period, Aroch used the emphasis on the horizontal and vertical lines of the painting to divide the composition in a nearly geometrical and flat manner. On January 21, 1939, a solo exhibition by Aroch opened in the “Santa Landwer” Gallery in Amsterdam. The exhibition was covered in the local press, and the Parisian influence on Aroch was mentioned.

In 1939 he returned to Tel Aviv, where he mounted a solo exhibition at the Katz Gallery of many of the works he had produced in Amsterdam. His works from the 1940s continued in the style he had crystallized in the Netherlands, based on composition that is dominated by clear geometric division. During these years Aroch painted many landscapes. At the beginning of the decade Aroch painted a series of scenes of Zichron Yaakov and Haifa, in which he lived off and on from 1942-1946, while he served in the British army. In addition, he designed uniforms for the first Lahakat Tsahal (the national Military Band of what was then the Land of Israel), which gave its first programs in 1942 and 1943.

During the entire first half of the decade he presented his work in group exhibitions held in the “Habima” building. When he participated in the “Exhibition of the Eight” that was held in December 1942 in the “Habima” building, Haim Gamzu remarked on his use of color, influenced by Van Gogh, and was awarded the Meir Dizengoff Prize for a Young Artist by the Tel Aviv municipality. In 1943 he married Dvora Koenig. After Aroch’s release from the army in 1946, the couple moved to 120 Hayarkon Street in Tel Aviv, where he opened a studio in the small yard attached to their house.

In 1947 Aroch participated in the Exhibition of “The Seven” at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art. At this exhibition ten works of his were shown, including “Men on the Promenade” (1943) and paintings of other scenes. Eugene Kolb published a flattering critical article on Aroch’s work, and described his transition from Post-Impressionism to an emphasis on “constructed forms” and “simplicity of color.” His works from the middle of the decade show a tendency toward schematism and the deconstruction of the scene into geometric parts in the style of the Cubists. This phenomenon can be seen also in earlier works, such as “The Red Bus” (1944-1946), from his series “Bus in the Mountains.”

From 1956-1959, Arie Aroch served as the Israeli ambassador to Brazil. During these years he didn’t paint much. In 1959 Aroch was named the Israeli ambassador to Sweden. His stay in Sweden released a great burst of creative energy in him. Between 1960 and 1962 he began to produce his most significant body of work, which differed from the style of Israeli painting of the other members of “New Horizons” in everything connected to the inclusion of extra-artistic symbolic images

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One of the things that motivated this burst of creativity was Aroch’s exposure to exhibitions of the contemporary art of that period that were held in the Stockholm City Museum during those years. Among others, in 1962 Aroch attended an exhibition of the works of “Pop Art” artists, including Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns. The use by American artists of “modified” Ready-made objects as part of their artistic works, and the abstract styles known as “Tachisme” and the French “Informel childrens football shirts,” combined in Aroch’s work in a delicate style that became known as “concrete abstraction.” For Aroch and his interpreters the meaning of this style was a combination of figurative images that had a symbolic meaning for the artist, and design as abstraction in order to create a new, independent form.

Among his well-known works of this period is a series of paintings known as “Tzakpar” that Aroch began painting in 1961. These works are based on an image from a shoemaker’s sign from Aroch’s memory, an image of a boot, which Aroch recalled from his childhood. Aroch created variations of this image, arriving in the end at a sort of abstract form placed within an oval frame. In a later interview, Aroch explained the development of this image as the basis for “concrete abstraction”: “The image that developed from the boot looked like a concrete image (as opposed to an abstract one), whose right of existence is the right of existence I wanted to embody in an abstract object, in an object that corresponded to a definition I had created previously.”

In 1963 Aroch returned from Sweden and settled in Jerusalem. He established a professional contact with Bertha Urdang, director of the Rina Gallery, Jerusalem, who mounted an exhibition of his works during this year. In addition, he was appointed the Director of Cultural Affairs in the Foreign Ministry, where he remained until his retirement in 1971. While participating in a meeting in Rome, as part of his job with the Foreign Ministry, he acquired the concept of using “Panda” oil pastel chalk, and started to work on a large body of work using this technique, some of them on reproductions and magazine pages (Gideon Efrat states that it was Aroch who introduced the term “Panda” into Hebrew as the generic term for this kind of pastel chalk). In 1964 Aroch exhibited 34 of his paintings in the Israeli exhibition at the Biennale in Venice, some of them drawn using the technique of “Panda” colors. In 1966 Masada Gallery in Tel Aviv held an exhibition of 23 of his Panda color drawings, organized by Raffi Lavie.

Another series of works that Aroch worked on during the 1960s was based on a depiction of the Creation, a depiction of the Exodus from Egypt, and a depiction of Moses with the Ten Commandments as they appear in the 14th-century Sarajevo Haggadah. These works, such as the “Jewish Motif” (1961), “Arch in Blue-Purple” (1961), or “The Creation, Sarajevo Haggadah” (1966), exhibit abstract symbols of metaphysical significance. In these works, Gideon Efrat asserts, Aroch combined “Israeli lyrical abstraction, which Zaritsky and his colleagues had exported from Paris, with the memory of the Jewish people, a combination of New Horizons and Old Horizons.” and Judaism with Universalism.

In his works “The High Commissioner” (1966) and “Agripas Street” (1964), Aroch created his most typical combination of “concrete” local perceptions and international “Pop Art”. In “Agripas Street,” the most widely analyzed of all Aroch’s works, Aroch combined symbols from the period he spent at Bezalel in Jerusalem that emphasized his interest in the religious and secular symbolism of authority and government. In “The High Commissioner,” which continues his interest in these symbols, Aroch used additional iconographic elements, based on the history of Western art, which were destined to show up in his later works as well. Among these elements, the combination of the colors red and blue and the duplication of images stand out.

Between 1967 and 1970, Aroch participated in a number of group exhibitions. In 1968 Yona Fischer curated an exhibition of 48 of Aroch’s work in The Israel Museum. In addition the Museum awarded him the Sandberg Prize. In 1970, Aroch underwent an operation for the removal of a tumor. In 1971, Aroch was awarded the Israel Prize in Painting.

In his last year, Aroch included many ars poetica elements in his work. As part of this approach, Aroch included in his work many variations on characters taken from literature. Examples include his painting “Two Cubes” (1968) and his series of paintings of rowboats from 1968-1970, in which details from the textbook of Christian Ludolph Reinhold are cited, “In the Style of Derain’s ‘Ball of soldiers in Suresnes’” (1967), based on the work by Andre Derain. etc. Another ars poetica motif is the profile of Adam.

During the last years of his life Aroch planned two monumental projects: a wall hanging for the soldier’s home in Afeka and a wall relief made of sawed-off pipes for the Hebrew University Library. However his serious illness prevented him from finishing these projects. He died on October 15, 1974.

For years Arie Aroch’s work was perceived as being on the periphery of Israeli abstract art. As with many of the artists of the “New Horizons” group, his early works were influenced by the post impressionism and the expressionism of the School of Paris (Ecole de Paris). Even though in his works the images went through a process of formal reduction, that is, abstraction, the formula that Joseph Zaritsky crystallized in “New Horizons” was very far from Aroch’s interest in the significance of the images. Aroch invested his time in many interviews in order to emphasize his interest in formalism, in its forms and in its way of constructing a painting. However, many of the abstract forms and images were the result of the process of “concrete abstraction,” in which the forms preserved, for Aroch, their symbolic significance.

The painting technique which Aroch created, which included doodling, engraving, and “scribbling,” alongside of rational abstract painting, influenced a number of painters identified with the “Want of Matter” movement, most notably Raffi Lavie, who was viewed, along with Aviva Uri, as paving the way for new Israeli painting.

Beginning in the 1980s, a new interpretation of Aroch’s works began to surface. Instead of emphasizing the formalistic aspect, art critics began to focus on the contents of Aroch’s works, including the elements from Jewish tradition. Aroch was perceived as having made the connection between local Israeli Judaism and universalism. In her article “Agrippa versus Nimrod” (1988), Sarah Breitberg-Semel presented Aroch’s work as a model for the design of a new Israeli concept. In her article she attacked the canonical concept in the research literature on the history of Israeli art, with regard to “Nimrod” (1939) by Itzhak Danziger, that saw in it the exclusive representative of Jewish nationalism. “Agripas Street” was put forward by her as a more worthy alternative as a work that combines “Jewish” values with Zionist values.

Arie Aroch, in spite of the fact that he was a member of “New Horizons,” offered in his works an alternative to “lyrical abstraction.” Instead of formless abstraction, he suggested concentrating on forms; instead of objectivity, basing the creation on personal handwriting; instead of professionalism, impoverishment of process – using non-traditional techniques to give birth to forms; instead of identifying with French abstract art – citing and using images that belong to various artistic concepts. Thus were born in his works forms from children’s paintings, the use of commonplace objects, folk or traditional images or images connected to childhood memories. Arie Aroch influenced young artists more by his thoughts, by his way of combining different images with each other in his paintings, by the apparently meaningless lack of pathos that characterizes his work, by his techniques (erasures, engravings, doodles). Aviva Uri, and after her Raffi Lavie, can be counted among those artists.

San Fernando (Hiszpania)

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San Fernando – miasto w południowo-zachodniej Hiszpanii, w regionie Andaluzja lime lemon squeezer, nad Oceanem Atlantyckim, w pobliżu Kadyksu. Około 92 collapsible water bottle,7 tys. mieszkańców how to tenderize round steak without a mallet. Z miasta wywodzi się kilku czołowych śpiewaków flamenco takich jak: Camarón de la Isla czy Niña Pastori.

Alcalá de los Gazules • Alcalá del Valle • Algar • Algeciras • Algodonales • Arcos de la Frontera • Barbate • Los Barrios • Benalup-Casas Viejas • Benaocaz • Bornos • El Bosque • Castellar de la Frontera • Chiclana de la Frontera • Chipiona • Conil de la Frontera • Espera • El Gastor • Grazalema • Jerez de la Frontera • Jimena de la Frontera • Kadyks • La Línea de la Concepción • Medina-Sidonia • Olvera • Paterna de Rivera • Prado del Rey • El Puerto de Santa María • Puerto Real • Puerto Serrano • Rota • San Fernando • San José del Valle • San Roque • Sanlúcar de Barrameda • Setenil de las Bodegas • Tarifa • Torre Alháquime • Trebujena • Ubrique • Vejer de la Frontera • Villaluenga del Rosario • Villamartín • Zahara

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