Month: September 2017

1996 dans les parcs de loisirs

Home | 1996 dans les parcs de loisirs

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Consultez la liste des tâches à accomplir en page de discussion.

(en millions de visiteurs)

(en millions de visiteurs)

Devil’s Mine à Fort Fun Abenteuerland

Barnstormer au Magic Kingdom

Boomerang à Jerudong Park

Boomerang à Fantasilandia

Colorado Adventure à Phantasialand

Fujiyama à Fuji-Q Highland

Gadget’s Go Coaster à Tokyo Disneyland

Kopermijn à Drievliet

Leathal Weapon Pursuit à Warner Bros. Movie World Germany

Outer Limits: Flight of Fear à Paramount’s Kings Island

Outer Limits: Flight of Fear à Paramount’s Kings Dominion

Head Spin à Geauga Lake’s Wildwater Kingdom

Mantis à Cedar Point

Megafobia à Oakwood Theme Park

Montu à Busch Gardens Africa

Orochi à Expoland

Rolling Thunder à Riverside Amusement Park

Runaway Mountain à Six Flags Over Texas

Santa Monica West Coaster à Pacific Park

Skull Mountain à Six Flags Great Adventure

Venus à Space World

Wapiti au Parc Bagatelle

Wildcat à Hersheypark

Wild Thing à Valleyfair

X:\ No Way Out à Thorpe Park

Entrée de Batman Adventure à Warner Bros. Movie World Germany

Bermuda Triangle: Alien Encounter à Warner Bros silver football socks. Movie World Germany

Drakkar à Walibi Aquitaine

Drop Zone: Stunt Tower à Paramount’s Great America

Escape from Pompeii à Busch Gardens Williamsburg

Jurassic Park: The Ride à Universal Studios Hollywood

Keinukaruselli à Tykkimäki

Mystery River à Warner Bros

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Uppskjutet à Liseberg

Villa Volta à Efteling

Waschzuber Rafting à Erlebnispark Tripsdrill

Xtreme Skyflyer à Canada’s Wonderland

Xtreme Skyflyer à Kings Dominion

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All Summer Long

Home | All Summer Long

2 de abril a 19 de mayo de 1964

All Summer Long es el sexto álbum de estudio de The Beach Boys y su segundo de 1964. Grabado después de la invasión británica encabezada por The Beatles, el álbum marcó un punto decisivo en la carrera de The Beach Boys, cuando Brian Wilson despidió a su padre Murry de la producción de The Beach Boys. El álbum llegó al cuarto puesto en Estados Unidos, y fue certificado disco de oro long soccer socks.

Algunas canciones de este álbum aparecen en el EP Four by The Beach Boys.

A comienzos de febrero de 1964 Wilson empezó un período riguroso de composición de canciones, que dio frutos con canciones como “I Get Around”, “All Summer Long”, “Wendy” y “Girls on the Beach”. The Beach Boys doblaron su voz sobre las pistas instrumentales realizadas por músicos de sesión, todo producido por Brian Wilson de veintiún años de edad.

“I Get Around” fue editada en sencillo antes del lanzamiento del álbum y se convirtió en su primer n.º 1 en Estados Unidos. También se editó en el Reino Unido alcanzando el puesto n.º 7, un gran avance para The Beach Boys, ya que por muchos meses en las listas británicas solo había bandas locales. Fue empujado efusivamente por Mick Jagger en la televisión británica Juke Box Jury, personalmente distribuyó copias del sencillo a las estaciones de radio piratas en alta mar. Fue n.º 1 en Canadá y Nueva Zelanda.​ El álbum fue lanzado en julio, alcanzando su punto máximo en el puesto n.º 4 en los Estados Unidos, y siendo certificado disco de oro.​

Pero había un cambio principal de la estructura interna de The Beach Boys durante la producción de All Summer Long, después de dos años dominantes en que Murry estuvo a cargo de la producción, la banda había alcanzado el límite. Durante una sesión vocal para “I Get Around” en abril Brian despidió a su padre Murry, quién estuvo en cama varias semanas por depresión.

The Beach Boys fueron filmados para una película titulada The Girls on the Beach de 1965, en donde tocaron “Girls on the Beach”, “Lonely Sea” y “Little Honda”. Fue filmado en abril de 1964, un mes antes de terminar All Summer Long.​

La portada fue acreditada a Kenneth Veeder y George Jerman (que había tomado las fotografías para las portadas de álbumes anteriores), pero aún no está claro en cuanto a quién tomó las imágenes en color de la tapa del álbum, o las tomas en blanco y negro en la contratapa. La localización para el rodaje fue una vez más el Paradise Cove, al norte de Malibu, el mismo lugar utilizado para la carátula de Surfin’ Safari

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En primeras impresiones del sobre, la canción “Don’t Back Down” fue mal escrita como “Don’t Break Down”. Esta versión tiene los títulos de las canciones impresos en la misma tinta de color mostaza como el título del álbum. Las impresiones posteriores con el error corregido tienen los títulos de las canciones impresas en negro.

Todas las canciones escritas y compuestas por Brain Wilson y Mike Love, excepto donde está indicado.

Hiwassee College

Home | Hiwassee College

Hiwassee College is a private, four-year, liberal arts college located in Madisonville football jerseys college, Tennessee, United States. Founded in 1849, the college offers associate degrees as well as four-year degrees, The majority of its associate degree graduates go on to attend, and complete, four-year degrees.

Hiwassee College’s early history is linked very closely with the founding in 1826 of Tullagalla Academy, a school for boys, located in the Fork Creek Community some five miles from the site of the present campus. At about this same time, a group of Methodist settlers set aside land near a bubbling spring for a camp meeting place that eventually came to be called Bat Creek Campground. Over the years cheap authentic football jerseys, a church and other structures were erected and used by persons who assembled annually for “camp meeting services.” By 1845, the enrollment of the academy exceeded its capacity to accommodate the students so the school moved to Bat Creek Campground and utilized the facilities available there. This area is located across the road from the present location of the Hiwassee campus.

When the academy director left in 1848, a group of five local Methodist leaders worked to continue a school at the campgrounds, but at the college level. Thus, in 1849, the college was organized, replacing and expanding the academy’s program. The new institution was named Hiwassee, taken from the Cherokee word “Ayuwasi,” which means “meadow place at the foot of the hills” and is reflective of the beautiful region at the foothills of the Great Smoky Mountains where the campus is located. They selected as their first president, Dr. Robert E. Doak, a twenty-five-year-old Presbyterian scholar. This act proclaimed to the entire region that the emphasis at the college was to be on Christian education and not on denominationalism.

Hiwassee College was chartered by the State of Tennessee in 1850 and thus, began a long history of meeting the educational needs of young men and, later on, young women of the area. For many years, Hiwassee College offered training beginning with elementary school and continuing through the bachelor’s degree. At some periods in its history, the college granted the master’s degree. Currently, Hiwassee College offers programs of study leading to a two-year or four-year degree.

Although closely tied to the Methodist Church since its founding, it was not until 1908 that the Trustees of Hiwassee College and the Holston Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church-South entered into an agreement for joint operation of the institution. At the time, the college was leased to the Holston Conference, a new charter was issued, and the college reorganized as a junior college. Hiwassee College came under the complete control and ownership of the Methodist Church-South in 1937. Prior to 1980, the three United Methodist-related colleges in the Holston Conference (a geographic region that includes East Tennessee and small parts of Southwest Virginia, and North Georgia) were governed by a unified Board of Trustees. In 1980, the Board of Trustees established a separate Board of Governors for each institution, and by 1990, each of the three colleges operated under a separate, independent Board of Trustees.

Founded in 1849, Hiwassee College is historically the oldest private two-year institution in the State of Tennessee. Its campus has grown from the original seven acres donated by The Reverend Daniel B. Carter to start the college to a campus of eighteen buildings situated on 60 acres of a 400-acre tract of land located just one mile north of the town of Madisonville. Now in its 164th year, the college offers a variety of university parallel and career/vocational programs leading to the Associate of Arts, Associate of Science, Associate of Applied Science, Bachelor of Arts, or Bachelor of Science degrees.

Its campus has grown from the original 7 acres (28,000 m2) donated by Reverend Daniel B. Carter to start the College to a campus comprising 18 buildings situated on 60 acres (240,000 m2) of a 400-acre (1,600,000 m2) tract of land located one mile (1.6 km) north of the town of Madisonville. The College offers a variety of university-parallel and career/vocational programs leading to the Associate of Arts, Associate of Science, Associate of Applied Science, Bachelor of Arts, or Bachelor of Science degrees.

Prior to 2008 Hiwassee College was accredited with the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, but in that year their accreditation was withdrawn. On November 3, 2009 it attained candidacy status for accreditation as a Category II institution by the Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools (TRACS);. Full accreditation was obtained through TRACS October 2013. This indicates that the institution is in compliance with the standards and criteria, has been evaluated by an on-site peer team, and in the professional judgment of the evaluation team and the Accreditation Commission, the institution provides sound instruction and student services.

Hiwassee College is listed by the University Senate of The United Methodist Church. The senate is an elected body of professionals in higher education created by the General Conference to determine which schools, colleges youth football uniforms, universities, and theological schools meet the criteria for listing as institutions affiliated with The United Methodist Church.

Although closely tied to the Methodist Church since its founding, it was not until 1908 that the Trustees of Hiwassee College and the Holston Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South entered into an agreement for joint operation of the institution. Hiwassee College came under the complete control and ownership of the Methodist Church-South in 1937, shortly before its reunion with its northern counterpart in 1939. Prior to 1980, the three United Methodist-related colleges in the Holston Conference (a geographic region that includes East Tennessee and small parts of southwest Virginia and north Georgia) were governed by a unified Board of Trustees. In 1980, the Board of Trustees established a separate Board of Governors for each institution, and by 1990, each of the three colleges operated under a separate, independent Board of Trustees.

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2016 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship

Home | 2016 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship

The 2016 All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship was the 129th staging of the All-Ireland championship since its establishment by the Gaelic Athletic Association in 1887. It is the top tier of senior inter-county championship hurling.

The championship began on 1 May 2016 and ended on 4 September 2016.

Kilkenny were the defending champions. Kerry qualified for the competition for the first time since 2004

Tipperary won the title for the 27th time and for the first time since 2010, defeating Kilkenny in the final, 2–29 to 2–20.

The All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship is a double-elimination tournament based on the Leinster and Munster provincial championships. Fourteen teams take part.

Leinster Senior Hurling Championship

Seven Leinster counties compete. Galway and Kerry, though not in Leinster, also participate. The competition begins with a qualifier group consisting of the four weakest teams. Two teams from the qualifier group progress and the remainder of the competition is knock-out. Most of the beaten teams enter the All-Ireland qualifiers – the two bottom teams in the Leinster qualifier group do not.

In 2016 the bottom team in the Leinster qualifier group will be relegated to next year’s Christy Ring Cup (2nd tier). Their place in next year’s Leinster qualifier group will be taken by the winner of 2016’s Christy Ring Cup.

Kerry qualified for this year’s Leinster Championship by winning the 2015 Christy Ring Cup.

Munster Senior Hurling Championship

Five Munster counties compete. Kerry participates in The Leinster Hurling Championship (see above). The competition has a knock-out format. All of the beaten teams enter the All-Ireland qualifiers.

All teams beaten in the quarter-finals and semi-finals of the Leinster and Munster Hurling Championships enter the All-Ireland hurling qualifiers which are knock-out. The qualifiers eventually result in two teams who play the beaten finalists of the Leinster and Munster championships in the two All-Ireland quarter-finals.

The Leinster and Munster champions play the winners of the two quarter finals in the semi-finals. The final normally takes place on the first Sunday in September.

Connacht and Ulster teams can qualify for the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship by winning the Christy Ring Cup (tier 2).

Connacht Senior Hurling Championship

This competition is no longer organised syracuse football uniforms. Galway represent Connacht and participate in the Leinster Championship.

Ulster Senior Hurling Championship

Although this competition takes place apana water bottle glass, it is not part of the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship. Currently no Ulster teams qualify for the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship.

Hawkeye was used for the first time in the Munster Hurling Championship in Thurles when Tipperary played Cork on 22 May 2016. Previously it was only installed in Croke Park.

Matches will be broadcast live on television in Ireland on RTÉ and Sky Sports, and in the United Kingdom on Sky Sports. Worldwide coverage will be provided on GAAGO.

RTÉ coverage will be shown on RTÉ One on The Sunday Game Live presented by Michael Lyster in high definition. Des Cahill will present The Sunday Game highlights and analysis show on Sunday evening.

These matches were broadcast live on television in Ireland

Nine counties compete – seven from Leinster plus Galway and Kerry. Last year’s Leinster champions receive a bye into the semi-final. The championship begins with a qualifier group involving the four weakest teams. The group winners and runners-up join four of the five strongest teams in the three Leinster quarter finals.

Red background (row 4) are relegated and play in the Christy Ring Cup next year. The winners of this year’s Christy Ring Cup (Meath) are promoted in their place to the qualifier group of next year’s Leinster Championship.

Last year’s Leinster champions receive a bye into the semi-finals. The remaining six teams (four seeded teams plus the qualifier group winners and runners-up) play in three quarter-finals. If a team from the qualifier group wins their quarter-final, they will be seeded in next year’s Leinster championship and the beaten seeded team will compete in next year’s Leinster qualifier group.

Last year’s Leinster champions receive a bye into the semi-finals. They are joined by the winners of the three quarter-finals.

Five of the six Munster counties compete. Kerry qualify for the qualifier group of the Leinster championship. The competition is straight knock-out.

All qualifier matches are knock-out.

The eight teams beaten in the quarter-finals and semi-finals of the Leinster (5 teams) and Munster (3 teams) provincial championships play in four matches thermos metal water bottle. A draw is made that ensures there are three matches between Leinster and Munster teams and one match between two Leinster teams.

The four winners of round 1 play in two matches. The draw was made on 4 July. Teams who have already met in the Leinster or Munster championships cannot be drawn to meet again.

The beaten finalists from the Leinster and Munster championships play the winners of round 2 of the qualifiers.

The Leinster and Munster champions play the winners of the two quarter-finals.

Widest winning margin: 35 points

Most goals in a match: 5

Most points in a match: 49

Most goals by one team in a match: 5

Highest aggregate score: 61

Lowest aggregate score: 34

Most goals scored by a losing team: 2

All bar one of the teams from the 2015 championship participated in hurling’s top tier in 2016.

Antrim, who finished bottom of the 2015 Leinster qualifier group, were relegated to the 2016 Christy Ring Cup. Their place in the 2016 Leinster qualifier group went to Kerry who won the 2015 Christy Ring Cup and gained automatic promotion. It was the first time since 2004 that Kerry participated in the All-Ireland senior championship.

Sean Cleere – Kilkenny

Brian Gavin – Offaly

Fergal Horgan – Tipperary

John Keenan – Wicklow

Alan Kelly – Galway

Barry Kelly – Westmeath

Diarmuid Kirwan – Cork

Colm Lyons – Cork

James McGrath – Westmeath

Paud O’Dwyer – Carlow

James Owens – Wexford

Johnny Ryan – Tipperary

Highest attendances:

Total attendance: 486 pink and football socks,553
Average attendance: 24,328

The Sunday Game team of the year was picked on 4 September, which was the night of the final. The panel consisting of Brendan Cummins, Henry Shefflin, Michael Duignan, Ger Loughnane, Liam Sheedy, Eddie Brennan and Cyril Farrell selected Tipperary’s Séamus Callanan as the Sunday game player of the year. Other players nominated were Padraic Maher and John McGrath of Tipperary.

On 4 November, the 2016 All Star Award winners were announced at the awards ceremony in the National Convention Centre in Dublin. Austin Gleeson of Waterford was named as the All Stars Hurler of the Year and the All Stars Young Hurler of the Year.

Шилово (Череповецкий район)

Home | Шилово (Череповецкий район)

Россия

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Мяксинское

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Шилово — деревня в Череповецком районе Вологодской области.

Входит в состав Мяксинского сельского поселения, с точки зрения административно-территориального деления — в Мяксинский сельсовет thermos insulated hydration bottle.

Расстояние по автодороге до районного центра Череповца — 32 км, до центра муниципального образования Мяксы — 3 км. Ближайшие населённые пункты — Хламово meat blade, Степанцево, Хантаново.

По переписи 2002 года население — 4 человека.

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Forêt de Versailles

Home | Forêt de Versailles

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Si vous disposez d’ouvrages ou d’articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l’article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références » (, comment ajouter mes sources ?).

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Île-de-France

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Yvelines

Géolocalisation sur la carte : France

La forêt de Versailles est une forêt domaniale française de 1 057 ha située au sud de la ville de Versailles dans les Yvelines. C’est en fait un ensemble de petits massifs forestiers séparés par des infrastructures (route nationale 286, route départementale 446…) ou des enclaves (camp de Satory, Golf de la Boulie…).

La forêt de Versailles s’étend sur les terroires communaux de Versailles, Guyancourt et Buc et elle est gérée par l’Office national des forêts (ONF).

Elle est bordée au nord par les lignes SNCF Paris Montparnasse – Bordeaux et Paris Montparnasse – Granville, à l’est par la route nationale 186, le golf de la Boulie sur la commune de Jouy-en-Josas et la route départementale 446 (Versailles – Jouy-en-Josas), au sud par les villes des Loges-en-Josas, de Buc et de Guyancourt et à l’ouest par le quartier de lÉpi d’Or à Saint-Cyr-l’École. Elle est traversée d’est en ouest par la route nationale 286 et, en orientation nord-sud, par la rue de la Porte de Buc à Versailles best thermos flask, par la rampe Saint-Martin, route départementale 938 (Versailles – Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse) et par la rue Clément Ader, route départementale 91 (Versailles – Cernay-la-Ville).

Le camp militaire et la zone d’activités de Satory se situent au beau milieu de cette forêt. Une partie importante de la commune de Buc water bottle tops for toddlers, le vieux village, forme une sorte d’invagination au cœur de cette forêt.

Le bois est situé autour des étangs de la Minière situés dans la vallée de la Bièvre. Celle-ci est protégée par un site inscrit depuis le 4 mai 1972 et un site classé depuis le 7 juillet 2000 grâce à un décret signé par la ministre Dominique Voynet. Les étangs de La Minière sont constitués de plusieurs plans d’eau : l’étang Braque, l’étang du Moulin à Renard, l’étang de La Minière et l’étang du Val d’Or best water bottle. L’étang Braque et l’étang du Moulin à Renard se confondent à hauteur du Bois Robert. Il est possible d’y pratiquer la pêche et la voile

La batterie du ravin de Bouviers est située dans la forêt en limite du plateau de Satory sur la commune de Versailles. C’est une ancienne batterie militaire construite en 1879.

Le bois de Satory se situe au nord de la N12 et au sud des voies ferrées qui relient la gare de Versailles Chantiers à la gare de Saint-Cyr water flask bottle. Il est délimité à l’est par la rue Francisco Ferrer et à l’ouest par la rue de la Porte de Buc. Sa longueur est approximativement de 5 kilomètres et sa largeur d’environ 500 mètres.

Le bois des Gonards est situé dans le haut du quartier de Porchefontaine, derrière un immeuble avec des balcons en triangle. L’entrée de la forêt est dans la rue du Pont Colbert, qui est elle-même dans le prolongement de la rue des Chantiers.

Plateau boisé culminant à 175 m au sud-est de Versailles situé sur la commune de Jouy-en-Josas.

Le massif forestier comprend en son milieu une vaste clairière occupée par un ancien hameau et par le chalet des Metz construit dans le style anglais au XIXe siècle dont le parc qui a été loti et transformé à partir de 1940 en un quartier résidentiel. Possédé par le baron Maurice Delaire (1855-1906), puis par sa fille Madame Stanislas Lannes de Montebello (1876-1966), il est connu depuis comme le château de Montebello. On y trouve aussi la maison de Léon Blum.

À l’est du massif se trouve le golf de la Boulie et à l’ouest le parc de l’ancien château disparu de la Cour-Roland, devenu une base de loisirs.

Prothetiek

Home | Prothetiek

Prothethiek is een begrip uit de tandheelkunde en omvat alles wat te maken heeft met vervangers van de klassieke tanden fluff remover, gaande van kronen, bruggen, partiële protheses tot totale protheses.

Op een beslepen natuurlijk element of een implantaat, plaatst men een kunstmatige tandkroon, ter vervanging van de natuurlijke. Deze kunstmatige tandkroon kan gemaakt zijn van metaal (goud, football fan shirts… ) en/of porselein. In combinatie met een pontic vormen ze bruggen.

Bruggen maken een verbinding tussen 2 pijlers. De brug omvat verschillende pontics of kronen, die tussen 2 of meer pijlers opgehangen worden. Deze pijlers kunnen natuurlijke tanden of implantaten zijn.

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Hierbij steunt het kunstmatige gebit deels af op de weke delen in de mond en deels op de natuurlijke tanden of implantaten.

De prothese rust geheel op het slijmvlies, het wordt geplaatst bij de volledig tandeloze patiënt om de kauwfunctie te herstellen black and pink football socks.

Sylt

Home | Sylt

Sylt (Deens: Sild, Noord-Fries: Söl) is het grootste Noord-Friese waddeneiland pink socks football. Het ligt in het noorden van de Waddenzee, vlak bij de Deense grens. Sylt hoort bij de Kreis Noord-Friesland in de Duitse deelstaat Sleeswijk-Holstein. In de loop van de eeuwen is het eiland door erosie doorlopend in afmeting afgenomen. Dit proces is hier, net als op de meeste andere waddeneilanden, nog steeds aan de gang hoewel dit door het aanleggen van dijken tegenwoordig veel minder snel gaat cheapest place for football shirts. Toch wordt bijvoorbeeld het Rote Kliff bij het dorp Kampen ieder jaar ongeveer een meter kleiner.

Sylt vormt het noordelijkste deel van het Friese woongebied. De bevolking is tijdens de eerste Noord-Friese kolonisatiegolf in de 8e en 9e eeuw uit (waarschijnlijk Oost-)Friesland gekomen. In de 20e eeuw heeft het toerisme het aanzien van het eiland sterk veranderd. Toerisme en tweedehuizenbezit hebben de onroerendgoedprijzen op Sylt sterk opgedreven, waardoor veel Friese huishoudens werden gedwongen op de vastewal goedkopere huisvesting te zoeken. Met 21.000 inwoners heeft Sylt de meeste inwoners van alle waddeneilanden van wie de meeste nieuwe bewoners Duitsers zijn.

De taal met de langste traditie op Sylt is het Noord-Fries electric depiller. De dialecten van Sylt, Föhr (Feer), Amrum (Oomram) en Helgoland vormen met elkaar een aparte dialectgroep in Noord-Friesland, die afwijkt van het Noord-Fries van het vasteland. Het Söl’ring, zoals het Sylter Fries wordt genoemd, onderscheidt zich van de andere Noord-Friese dialecten door het grote aantal Deense leenwoorden. Er zijn nog enkele honderden sprekers van het Sylter Fries, die echter voor een groot deel op de vastewal wonen. Rond Westerland wordt in veel gezinnen Nedersaksisch gesproken. In het noorden en zuiden van het waddeneiland wordt vrijwel alleen het Hoogduits gebruikt. Ook het Deens, vanouds het Jutlandse dialect, heeft er een aantal sprekers.

Het eiland is via de Hindenburgdamm met de vaste wal verbonden en is dus eigenlijk geen eiland meer. Over de dam ligt geen weg maar alleen een spoorweg Black Runner Waist Pack. Wegvoertuigen kunnen op de trein meerijden (Sylt Shuttle).

Vanaf luchthaven Sylt zijn vluchten van en naar het vasteland, Italië, Oostenrijk, het Verenigd Koninkrijk en Zwitserland.

Tevens kan met met de Sylt express vanaf het Deense eiland Rømø in ongeveer 40 minuten naar Sylt reizen

Honorius III

Home | Honorius III

Honorius III (Cencio Savelli) (født 1148, død 18. mars 1227) var pave fra juli 1216 til sin død. Hans familienavn kom fra festningen Sabellum nær Albano.

Det er kjent at Savelli en tid var kannik i Santa Maria Maggiore i Roma. I 1188 ble han pavelig camerlengo, og under pavene Klemens III og Celestin III var han skattmester for Den hellige stol. I 1193 ble han utnevnt til kardinal av Celestin III. Han ble forfremmet til kardinalprest av Innocent III i 1198.

I 1197 ble han lærer for den framtidige tysk-romerske keiser Fredrik II.

18. juli 1216 ble han valgt til pave av 19 kardinaler som var samlet i Perugia, hvor Innocent hadde dødd to dager tidligere. På grunn av den usikre situasjonen i Italia og frykt for skisma ble valget gjennomført på en spesiell måte. Kardinalene Ugolino av Ostia (senere Gregor IX) og Guido av Praeneste fikk fullmakt til å peke ut den nye paven, og deres valg falt på Savelli. Han var selv skeptisk, men aksepterte valget og tok navnet Honorius. 24. juli ble han innsatt i embetet i Perugia. Kroningen fant sted i Roma 31. august lemon squeezer stainless steel, og 3. september tok han Laterankirken, Romas katedral, i besittelse. Romas befolkning var svært fornøyd med valget, ettersom Honorius selv var fra Roma og hadde oppført seg meget godt overfor folket mens han hadde vært kardinal.

Som sin forgjenger hadde han to hovedmål: Gjenerobringen av Det hellige land gjennom det femte korstog og reform av kirken how to tender beef. Der stopper likheten, for Honorius forsøkte å oppnå sine mål gjennom å være smidig og forståelsesfull, mens Innocent hadde forsøkt å tvinge gjennom sine meninger med makt.

Det femte korstog var blitt godkjent av Laterankonsilet i 1215, og i 1217 satte Honorius igang de praktiske forberedelser. For å finansiere det ba han om at paven og kardinalene skulle gi en tiendedel av sine inntekter de neste tre år, mens andre geistlige skulle gi en tyvendedel. Dette brakte inn mye penger, men ikke på langt nær nok.

I april 1217 kronet han Peter II av Courtenay som latinsk keiser av Konstantinopel. Dette ga Honorius økt håp om et vellykket korstog, men keiseren ble tatt til fange under reisen østover og døde i fangenskap.

Honorius måtte finne en person som kunne lede korstoget, og valget falt på hans tidligere elev Fredrik II. Han hadde, i likhet med flere andre herskere Paul Frank Pants Men, avlagt en ed om å bli med på korstoget. Men da tiden nærmet seg utsatte han gjentatte ganger sin avreise. I april 1220 ble han valgt til keiser, og 22. november samme år ble han kronet av paven i Roma.

Fredrik fortsatte å utsette avreisen, og et felttog i Egypt slo fullstendig feil da Damietta falt 8. september 1221. De fleste herskere i Europa var innblandet i andre kriger, og kunne ikke forlate sine land i lengre perioder. Andreas II av Ungarn, og senere en gruppe korsfarere fra området ved den nedre Rhinen, reiste mot Det hellige land og hadde noe suksess i Egypt. De tok blant annet tilbake Damietta. Men uenighet blant korsfarerne, og spesielt rivaliseringen mellom lederne og den pavelige legaten Pelagius, førte til at de mislyktes.

Det ble bestemt at Fredrik II skulle reise 24. juni 1225. Honorius arrangerte det slik at Fredrik giftet seg med Isabella, som var arving til kongedømmet Jerusalem. Dette ville binde ham enda sterkere til planen. Men arbeidet med San Germanotraktaten førte til nok en utsettelse, og da traktaten var klar i juli 1225 ga denne mulighet til å utsette hele prosjektet i to år til.

Fredrik II så nå ut til å endelig gjøre alvor av sine forberedelser. Honorius fikk ikke oppleve dette, ettersom han døde før avreisen. Det ble dermed opp til Gregor IX å følge opp planen.

Honorius godkjente Dominikanerordenen i bullen Religiosam vitam av 22. desember 1216 og Fransiskanerordenen i bullen Solet annuere av 29. november 1223. Han opprettet også flere nye grener av eksisterende ordener, og 30. januar 1226 godkjente han Karmelittordenen i bullen Ut vivendi normam. Han approberte også Den tyske orden, og i 1224 la han den under pavelig kontroll.

Han hadde selv god utdanning og insisterte på at presteskapet skulle være skikkelig utdannet, spesielt i teologi. I et tilfelle holdt han igjen godkjenningen av en biskop valgt av kapitlet i Chartres fordi kandidaten ikke hadde gode nok kunnskaper. En annen biskop ble avsatt på grunn av analfabetisme.

Universitetene i Paris og Bologna fikk forskjellige privilegier, og han beordret av bispedømmer som lå langt unna gode læresteder skulle sende unge menn med talent til et anerkjent universitet, slik at de senere kunne virke som lærere på sitt hjemsted.


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Céphalanthère à feuilles étroites

Home | Céphalanthère à feuilles étroites

Cephalanthera longifolia

Céphalanthère à feuilles étroites

Nom binominal

Cephalanthera longifolia
(L.) Fritsch fabratec fabric shaver, 1888

Classification phylogénétique

Statut CITES

Sur l'annexe  II  de la CITES1,5 cm de large) et engainantes (englobant la tige florale) , à inflorescence lâche de 8 à 20 fleurs d’un blanc pur, sans éperon, odorantes, fleurs ne s’ouvrant que faiblement. Labelle taché de jaune.

Elle pousse souvent en touffes, mesure de 20 à 60 cm. Confusion possible avec la Céphalanthère de Damas dont les fleurs sont moins blanches, moins nombreuses, les feuilles plus larges et ayant les gaines foliaires généralement de couleur marron .

Plante vivace; géophyte à rhizome.

Avril-juin: avril en Aquitaine (Médoc), au mois de mai en Île-de-France, début juin dans la Haute-Saône à 300 m d’altitude.

Plante de lisières, sols frais ou forêts sèches, souvent calcicoles. Espèce de demi-ombre en stations chaudes.

Quercetalia pubescenti-petraea (chênaies pubescentes), Carpinion betuli (hêtraies-chênaies sèches), Fagion sylvaticae (hêtraies sèches).

Eurasiatique subocéanique. Subméditerranéenne.

Présente dans presque toute la France à l’exception de certains départements bretons, normands et du nord : assez commune à rare selon les régions.

Espèce protégée en Bretagne, Champagne-Ardenne, Centre-Val de Loire, Picardie, Pays de la Loire. L’espèce semble en nette régression dans certaines régions (comme en Lorraine) et mériterait une protection plus générale sur l’ensemble du territoire.

L’espèce est classée “LC” : Préoccupation mineure.

Céphalanthère à feuilles de ciste, Céphalanthère à feuilles en épée, Céphalanthère à feuilles étroites.

Cephalanthera longifolia dans un sous-bois.

Les fleurs d’une Cephalanthera longifolia.

Les fleurs non ouvertes d’une Cephalanthera longifolia.

Les tépales et le gynostème.

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